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Behavioral Health

Depression

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.

Depression often accompanies other mental or physical illnesses. Substance abuse, anxiety disorders, ADHD and eating disorders are common conditions that may be worsened by depression. Even in the most severe cases, depression can be treated.

For more information: www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression

Anxiety

Anxiety disorders may affect adults, adolescents, and children and are defined as overwhelming feelings of uncertainty and fear.

Unlike short periods of anxiety that everyone feels during a stressful event, anxiety disorders can be persistent, and if not treated, can disrupt a person's life.

Fortunately, effective treatments do exist, and prompt diagnosis may help with a faster recovery or may prevent the disorder from getting worse.

For more information: www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/Anxiety-Disorders

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse is defined as dependence on alcohol or other substances, such as drugs. The causes of substance abuse are not known. A person's genes, peer pressure, emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and environmental stress may all be factors. Addiction is a persistent, compulsive dependence on a behavior or a substance.

Substances that people may abuse include:

  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Prescription or other drugs
  • Inhalants
  • Stimulants
  • Depressants
  • Hallucinogens

Substance abuse is a serious condition. Treatment by trained professionals may provide the best results.

For more information: www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Common-with-Mental-Illness/Substance-Use-Disorders

ADHD

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD starts in childhood but can continue into adolescence and adulthood. People with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, which can interfere with everyday life or development.

Children and adults with ADHD can have a difficult time controlling their emotions. Learning how to cope is one way to gain control over the symptoms of ADHD.

Doctors and therapists can help design a plan to aid with organizing and focusing on everyday activities, which is usually difficult for those with ADHD. When someone feels like they are taking an active part in their life, confidence begins to grow.

For more information: www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/ADHD