According to the National Institute of Mental Health, depression (major
depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood
disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and
handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed
with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.
Depression often accompanies other mental or physical illnesses. Substance
abuse, anxiety disorders, ADHD and eating disorders are common conditions
that may be worsened by depression. Even in the most severe cases, depression
can be treated.
Anxiety disorders may affect adults, adolescents, and children and are
defined as overwhelming feelings of uncertainty and fear.
Unlike short periods of anxiety that everyone feels during a stressful
event, anxiety disorders can be persistent, and if not treated, can disrupt
a person's life.
Fortunately, effective treatments do exist and prompt diagnosis may help
with a faster recovery or may prevent the disorder from getting worse.
Substance abuse is defined as dependence on alcohol or other substances,
such as drugs. The causes of substance abuse are not known. A person's
genes, peer pressure, emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and environmental
stress may all be factors. Addiction is a persistent, compulsive dependence
on a behavior or a substance.
Substances that people may abuse include:
- Prescription or other drugs
Substance abuse is a serious condition. Treatment by trained professionals
may provide the best results.
ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD starts in
childhood, but can continue into adolescence and adulthood. People with
ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, which can interfere with everyday
life or development.
Children and adults with ADHD can have a difficult time controlling their
emotions. Learning how to cope is one way to gain control over the symptoms of ADHD.
Doctors and therapists can help design a plan to aid with organizing and
focusing on everyday activities, which is usually difficult for those
with ADHD. When someone feels like they are taking an active part in their
life, confidence begins to grow.